Architectural Home Designs & Decorating Ideas

How to Choose the Perfect Kitchen Island for Your Space

Gabriela Connell
6 minute read

Kitchen islands are having a major moment. With their versatile design and multifunction uses, it’s no wonder 70% of homeowners opt to include an island when remodeling their kitchen. Islands not only provide extra prep and dining space, but they can completely transform the look, flow, and functionality of your kitchen.

If you’re considering adding an island or updating an existing one, this guide will walk you through the design process. We’ll look at popular layouts, countertop materials, storage solutions, seating options, appliances, lighting, and ways to customize your island to truly make it the heart of your home.

Choosing an Island Layout That Fits Your Space

Start your design by mapping out where the island will live and how it will be shaped. Measure your existing kitchen and think about your needs when deciding on the right footprint and placement.

plans for a kitchen island

Island Placement

A common spot for islands is the center of the kitchen, but connecting your island to other counters or placing it in front of the sink or appliances are also options. Be sure sightlines are clear and the design allows for proper traffic flow around the perimeter.

Leave at least 42–48 inches for circulation around the island and any paths to doorways or hallways. You want space to comfortably move around the island when prepping, cooking, or cleaning up.

Island Dimensions

Standard island sizes range from 4×8 feet for a small footprint up to 5×7 or 6×6 for larger spaces. The shape and dimensions should complement your existing kitchen layout. Allow enough room for seating on one side if adding a breakfast bar or stools.

Consider the work triangle concept to position appliances efficiently. Islands with sinks or cooktops should be accessible from the fridge and primary counters.

Island Shapes

A rectangular island parallel to kitchen cabinets or counters has a streamlined look. L-shaped islands are great for squeezing into corners to maximize space. For a customized feel, design a curved or oval island that adds visual interest.

U-shaped islands provide ample room for prepping, cooking, and seating multiple guests. Include storage cabinets and appliance garages to get a built-in look.

Selecting the Right Island Countertop Material

Choosing a countertop material that aligns with your lifestyle and design aesthetic is key. Popular options like granite, marble, and quartz each have their pros and cons.


Granite is a go-to island choice thanks to its durability and timeless beauty. The natural stone material is scratch and heat-resistant. Downsides are the higher cost and required sealing to prevent staining from spills.

With unique mineral patterns, granite provides a high-end custom feel. The array of color options from black and white granites to warm tans and blues help it blend with any style.


Few materials rival marble’s elegance. The veining patterns create a luxe, Old World look. Like granite, marble is naturally heat-resistant and comes in a diversity of colors from white and black to bold, graphic gray and green varieties.

Because marble is softer and more porous than granite, it etches more easily and needs vigilant sealing. Going with honed marble rather than a polished finish helps limit etching and wear.


As an engineered stone, quartz offers consistency plus durability. The non-porous material resists scratches, stains, and heat. With less maintenance required than natural stone, quartz is an easy-care option.

The trade-off is quartz lacks the depth and unique patterning of natural stone. Edges and seams are also more visible. But the range of colors and aggregate designs make quartz a versatile pick.

Butcher Block

Butcher block exudes traditional charm. The warm, organic finish of the wood material provides an inviting look. Popular woods choices are maple, walnut, cherry, and oak.

On the practical side, butcher block requires more maintenance. It can be prone to scratches and needs regular oiling to prevent stains. Heat and moisture can also damage the wood over time.

Incorporating Storage Space and Drawers

Built-in storage is a prime advantage of kitchen islands. Maximize functionality with a mix of base cabinets and easy-access drawers.

Deeper drawers around 18–24 inches wide have room for cookware storage. Shallower drawers nicely corral utensils, cutlery, and tools. For a streamlined look, integrate drawer pulls or opt for touch-latch openings.

Pull-out shelves bring contents right to you and keep items organized. Dedicate an appliance garage for small appliances to conveniently tuck them out of sight.

Built-in racks or holders for spices, cutting boards, knives, and cookbooks simplify cooking prep and cleanup. Take advantage of every inch to get ideal storage for your needs.

Adding Seating and Dining Space

One benefit of an island is the ability to create casual dining space. Adding built-in seating fosters interaction and gives the island multifunction use.

Breakfast Bar

For bar-height seating, incorporate an overhang ledge of 10–14 inches. This leaves leg room for seating on one side while keeping the main counter surface uninterrupted.

The finished ends of the island also work for seating. Size the overhang to comfortable fit bar stools or chairs.

Island Stools

Swivel stools make for easy mobility and conversation, while stationary chairs have a more refined look. Choose counter or bar-height seating based on your island dimensions.

Upholstered, wood, or leather stools complement most kitchen designs. Opt for backless for lighter visual weight or select stools with full backs for added comfort.

Including the Right Kitchen Island Appliances

From sinks to cooktops, incorporating appliances expands how your island functions.


Adding a main kitchen sink or secondary prep sink opens up workflow. For resale value, stick with stainless steel. Undermount sinks have a streamlined appearance.

Single-basin sinks are ideal for islands, where a double basin would feel crowded. Pick a smaller 18-22 inch size or opt for a spacious 30-33 inch farmhouse apron sink as a statement piece.


Islands are a perfect platform for adding a cooktop or range. Downdraft or chimney range hoods will be needed for ventilation.

Gas and induction cooktops are top choices for their responsiveness when cooking. Locate near your main prep zone for efficient multitasking.

Mini Fridges

An undercounter fridge or full-size French door version allows you to keep favorite drinks, snacks, or ingredients close. Stock with staples so everything you need is within reach.

Island Lighting Ideas

The right lighting elevates both the form and function of your island. A combination of pendant, task, and ambient lighting creates a well-illuminated workspace.

Pendant Lights

Hanging pendant lights over the island provides a decorative focal point while directing light right where it’s needed. Position the pendants 30-34 inches above the counter or spaced at least 18 inches apart for optimal illumination.

Drum, globe, linear, or geometric pendants in finishes like brass, black, gold, or nickel convey various style looks from modern to classic.

Undercabinet Lighting

LED strip lighting installed underneath upper cabinets shines down providing task lighting for food prep. Opt for dimmable strips to control brightness.

Overhead Lighting

A central ceiling fixture supplements other lighting. Recessed cans ensure the whole island area is brightly lit but positioned out of direct sightlines.

A kitchen island truly becomes command central when designed thoughtfully. Here are just some of the ways an island gets put to use daily.

With an island that meets your needs, you gain flexibility along with added storage and style. Assess how you cook, clean, and live day to day so your island design stays functional for years to come.

Did we miss any important island design factors or uses? Let us know in the comments your best tips for creating a kitchen island oasis! With strategic planning and customization, your new or refreshed island will become a space you, your family, and guests gravitate to again and again.